Expert Services

My research group assists the National Park Service, the U. S. Forest Service, the U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service, state agencies, and not-for-profit organizations large and small.

Plan development

  • General management planning
  • Trail and campsite plans
  • Site plans
  • Interpretive services plans

Social conditions/experience quality measurement

  • Crowding
  • Conflict
  • Displacement
  • Noise and soundscape
  • Beneficial outcomes
  • People at one time
  • People per viewshed (people per viewscape)
  • Public comment analyses

Computer simulation modeling

  • Encounters per unit time/area/length
  • Management alternative depictions and visualization
  • Group size effects
  • Transportation alternatives (e.g., shuttle buses) effects

Visitor behavior management

  • Sign formatting and wording based on current behavioral research
  • Assessment of current/planned signage effectiveness
  • Interpretive software design

Resource conditions assessment

  • Vegetation
    • Trampling damage
    • Informal/social trail proliferation
    • Non-native seed transport by recreationists
  • Water
    • Human pathogen contamination in the backcountry
    • Sediment transport (erosion) into streams
    • Fecal contamination by packstock
  • Wildlife
    • Disturbance by recreationists
    • Appropriate viewing and interaction
  • Soil
    • Erosion at water crossings
    • Compaction/bulk density change
    • Soil sterilization at campsites
    • Trail and campsite erosion


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